History of the 10th

The Regiment was raised in Hertfordshire and surrounding counties by Brigadier Humphrey Gore in 1715, as the Tenth Regiment of Dragoons. This was in response to the Jacobite Rising. Mounts were to be no more than fifteen hands high. The Regiment never saw action against the Jacobites.

Law and revenue enforcement was the Regiment’s duty at home for the next 30 years. Pay for a Private was 1s 9p per day less the cost of food.

History Timeline

History Timeline




Sep 1892

January 14th Duke of Clarence dies at Sandringham.20 officers and men bare coffin at the funeral in windsor.

Sep 1894

Regiment moves to ballingcollig

Sep 1895

Move to Newbridge

Sep 1896

Lt.-Colonal Fisher-Childe succeeds Colonel Wood.

Sep 1897

Tenth returns to Aldershot. Attended the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of Queen Victoria. The Tenth was probably the only regiment, with the exception of the Household Troops to attend Her Majesty’s coronation and both Jubilees.

Sep 1898

Move to Canterbury

Sep 1899

2nd South Africa War. Sail from Liverpool November 3rd and 4th. A and part of b squadron aboard S.S. Ismore, remainder on S. S. Columbia. The Ismore is delayed by storms in the Irish Sea, and on reaching South Africa coast at Paternoster Bay takes a short cut and subsequently strikes rocks and sinks at 2 am. By 8 am most troops are on dry land, with only 17 horses saved. Brigaded under General French.

Sep 1900

5th January Sir John Milbanke won Victoria Cross for bravery. Under Lord Roberts the Regiment fight at Modder River – 4th Feb. Relief of Kimberley – 15th Feb. Poplar Grove – 7th March. Dreifonteine – 10th March. Sergeant Engleheart wins the Victoria Cross. Modder River – 29th March. Battle of Welkom – 4th May. Zand River – 9th May. Diamond Hill – 11th June. Earl of Airlie killed. October Colonel Fisher-Childe retires and replaced by Lt-Colonel Alexander.

Sep 1901

Fought at Halfonteine – 12th January. Entrained for Cape colony – 16th July. Spent the rest of the year mopping up the enemy. Old comrades Association formed

Sep 1902

Hostilities cease 24th June. Colonel Alexander retires and is succeed by Lt.-colonel the Hon. J. Byng. The Regiment is joined by all its scattered troops and celebrates the coronation of their colonel-in-chief, His Majesty King Edward VII in Malmesbury (S.A.). 22nd September the Regiment boards for shipment to India. Colonel Byng returns home after a fall from a horse. Lt-Colonel Kavanagh appointed. Proceed to station at Mhow.

Sep 1905

The Regiment escorts the Prince and Princess of Wales in Bombay.

Sep 1907

Move to Rawal Pindi. Lt.-Colonel Vaughan suceed to command. The XRH Regimental Gazette is first published. Editor Captain R. Pillinger

Dec 1912

Regiment attend Delhi Coronation Durbar and take a prominent role under a new Commander, Colonel Barnes. 10th win their sixth successive Inter-Regimental Polo Tournament

Nov 1913

Tenth Hussars move to Bloemfontaine, South Africa. Move to Potchefstroom

Nov 1914

Recalled home as hostilities with German break out. Move to France, and join the 6th Cavalry Brigade. Fought dismounted at Battle of Ypres, involved in heavy fighting until November 20th

Nov 1915

Tenth join 8th Cavalry Brigade under Division Commanader Major-General Hon. J. Byng

Nov 1915

Colonel Barnes (Twice wounded at Ypres) succeeded by Lt-Colonel Shearman. 7 officer killed 85 O.R. wounded

Nov 1915

Fight at Zillebeke 3rd Feb.and 2nd Battle of Ypres 9th May. Colonel Shearman killed leading an attack 9th May along with 4 officers and 27 O.R. killed, 6 officers and 101 OI.R. wounded

Nov 1915

8th Cavalry Brigade combined with 6th Cavalry Brigade. Lt. Colonel Wickham takes command. Tenth move to Hooge – training and in reserve. September fight in battle of Loos.

Nov 1916

Battle of Hollenzollern January 3rd. In trenches for 6 weeks. Training at Embry and Bethune. June 24th Somme Offensive but no opportunity for Cavalry. July 4th retire to billets and undertake cable laying and similar duties under shellfire. December 22nd move to winter billets at coastal Merlimont.