History of the 10th

The Regiment was raised in Hertfordshire and surrounding counties by Brigadier Humphrey Gore in 1715, as the Tenth Regiment of Dragoons. This was in response to the Jacobite Rising. Mounts were to be no more than fifteen hands high. The Regiment never saw action against the Jacobites.

Law and revenue enforcement was the Regiment’s duty at home for the next 30 years. Pay for a Private was 1s 9p per day less the cost of food.

History Timeline

History Timeline




Jan 1723

Colonel Charles Churchill appointed in place of Brigadier Gore (Retired).

Jun 1745

Field Marshall Richard Lord Cobham appointed Colonel in place of Col. Churchill (Died) March against Young Pretender

Jan 1746

Fought at Falkirk, and Culloden, “Charged and Completed the Victory”

Nov 1749

Major-General Sir John Mordaunt K.B. appointed Colonel to replace Colonel Lord Cobham

Jan 1757

Rochefort Expedition, Seven Years War. Overwintered at Paderborn, Germany.

Jul 1760

July 31st; Routed French at Minden. Major Davenport killed in action, October

Sep 1763

Returned to England

Sep 1764

Reviewed favourably by King George III

Sep 1780

Posted to various billets in England and Scotland

Sep 1783

“It is the King’s pleasure that the Tenth Regiment of Light Dragoons shall be called “The Tenth or P.W.O. Regiment of Light Dragoons” with the motto of “Ich Dien”.

Sep 1783

Prince of Wales became Colonel Commandant of the Regiment. Carried out escort duties to the Royal Family.

Sep 1793

Cornetcy confered to Beau Brummel by Prince of Wales. Brummel resigned three years later when the Regiment was posted to Manchester.

Sep 1806

Officially renamed “Hussars”.

Sep 1808

October 17th and 18th the Regiment embarked from Portsmouth for Corunna. Engaged at Sahagun and Benevente, where they distinguished themselves

Sep 1809

Arrived back in Brighton

Sep 1811

Prince of Wales becomes Prince Regent. Confirmed title of “Royal” to the Tenth. Regiment runs first horse race over hurdles at Brighton on the downs.

Sep 1811

Vittoria, seize 143 cannon and loot. Lt.-Colonel Quentin returned after an absence due to a ruptured blood vessel. Moral sinks and Wellington notices.

Sep 1813

Peninsula Wars. Morales – Tenth overruns enemy lines. Wellington writes “The Tenth have had a very handsome affair – Their loss is small but they must have destroyed the enemy’s 16th Dragoons.”

Sep 1813

April 12th – Toulouse. Hostilities cease. Regiment embarks for Brighton July 24th. Officers despatch letter of complaint to HRH about Colonel Quentin, who is court-marshalled. Lt.-Colonel Palmer is chosen to prosecute. After HRH influence Quentin is aquitted. Quentin remains in command and most officers move to other regiments. They become known as “The Elegant Extracts.”

Sep 1814

Regiment moves from Brighton to Romford.